Nominations and elections in the American Sociological Association are governed by the Constitution and Bylaws, as well as by other guidelines enacted by Council. Bylaws direct that there shall be a Committee on Nominations that prepares a slate with two candidates for: President-Elect, Vice President-Elect, and Secretary-Elect. The Committee on Nominations also prepares a slate of two candidates for each opening among Council Members-at-Large, the Committee on Committees, and the Committee on Publications. Council Members-at-Large, under the guidance of the Vice President-Elect, provide nominations for vacancies on the Committee on Nominations.
To be eligible to be a candidate or vote, ASA memberships must be active by March 31 of the election year. Only Members, Emeritus Members, and Student Members of the Association shall have the right to vote and to hold elected office in the Association. Associate Members are only eligible to vote in section elections for which they hold a membership, and are not eligible hold any elected office within the assoication. Ballots are issued no later than May 15 each year.
Procedures for petition candidates are outlined in Article II, Section 2(c) of ASA Bylaws. Procedures for Member-Initiated Resolutions are outlined in Article II, Section 8 of ASA Bylaws.